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What is real? This has been a defining question in our modern era. How should a thinking Christian answer this question? J.P. and Stan describe the foundational beliefs and distinctions necessary for addressing this central issue in grace and truth.
In this podcast, we discuss:
- What is a property? What are some examples of properties? How is this question related to what truth is, the Incarnation, and so much more?
- Why is it not commonplace to assume properties exist? How underlying assumptions impact beliefs about what is real.
- What is a “universal”? How do we experience universals and why would a person reject them?
- What is the difference between physicalism and naturalism? How are they similar? What would people with these views of reality believe to be real?
- Why do some believers reject universals on theological grounds? Are they right?
- What is nominalism? What are the various types of nominalists?
- Why is it important to work hard at understanding ideas that don’t seem to have immediate practical value?
Resources mentioned during our conversation:
- Stan Wallace, “Three Reasons to Believe in Things You Can’t See”
- J.P. Moreland and Garrett DeWeese, Philosophy Made Slightly Less Difficult: A Beginner’s Guide to Life’s Big Questions, Chapter 2: What is Real? Metaphysics–The Problem of Universals
- J.P. Moreland and William Lane Craig, Philosophical Foundations for a Christian Worldview, Chapter 10: General Ontology: Two Categories–Property and Substance
- Paul Gould, Beyond the Control of God?: Six Views on the Problem of God and Abstract Objects
- Paul Gould’s Website